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[Original] Development and application of fancy yarn: chenille yarn

Time : 2022-07-25 Hits : 59

Chenille yarn is a fancy yarn with a special shape and structure. It is usually spun with two strands as the core, and the feather yarn is clamped in the middle by twisting. Chenille yarn is composed of core wire and broken velvet fiber. The broken velvet fiber forms a plush effect on the surface, and the core wire plays a role in consolidating, protecting the broken velvet fiber and maintaining the strength of the product.The core wire is generally strand wire with good strength, such as acrylic wire and polyester wire, and cotton wire with large twist is also used as the core wire. The broken velvet material is mainly viscose fiber and cotton fiber with soft and good moisture absorption and dispersion, and fluffy and soft acrylic fiber can also be used.

The common "fleece/core" material combinations of chenille yarns are viscose/acrylic, cotton/polyester, viscose/cotton, acrylic/polyester, etc. Due to the processing characteristics, the chenille yarn is generally thicker, and the linear density is mostly above 100 tex. Due to the high linear density of chenille yarn and dense fluff on the surface, it is generally only used as a weft yarn in woven fabrics.

Spinning principle of chenille yarn

Conveying and positioning of core wire: in the spinning process, the core wire is divided into upper core wire and lower core wire, which are unwound from the bobbin and fed together under the action of the traction roller. Under the action of roller piece and spacer piece, the upper and lower core wires are placed on both sides of the down yarn, and both are in the middle position of the down yarn.

Introduction and cutting of down yarn: down yarn is composed of two or three single yarns. The single yarns are rewound from the bobbin and twisted with the high-speed rotation of the turning head, which increases the down yarn's bunching property. At the same time, it is wound on the separation plate to form a yarn ring, and the yarn ring slides downward with the rotation of the roller plate. When the blade is cut into short feathers, these short feathers are sent into the control roller together with the upper core wire, and the lower core wire.

Twisting and forming: with the high-speed rotation of the spindle, the core yarn is quickly twisted, by twisting the core yarn and the down yarn firmly together to form a full-fledged chenille yarn; At the same time, it is wound on the yarn tube to form tube yarn.

Chenille yarn has soft hand feeling and velvet feeling. It is widely used in velvet fabrics and decorative fabrics. At the same time, it can also be directly used as knitting thread. Chenille yarn can give the product a thick feeling, making it have the advantages of high-grade luxury, soft hand feeling, plump suede, good drapability and so on. Therefore, it is widely made into sofa covers, bedspreads, bed blankets, table carpets, carpets, wall decorations, curtain curtains and other indoor decorations, as well as various knitted clothing products.

Advantages and disadvantages of chenille yarn

Advantages: the fabric made of chenille yarn has many advantages. The curtains made of chenille yarn can reduce light and block light to meet people's different needs for light, and can also prevent wind, remove dust, insulate heat, keep warm and reduce noise, so as to improve the climate and environment of the room. Therefore, the ingenious combination of decoration and practicality is the biggest feature of chenille screen curtain. The carpet made of chenille yarn has the effects of temperature regulation and anti-static. It has good moisture absorption and can absorb 20 times of its own weight.

Disadvantages: the fabric made of chenille yarn has some disadvantages due to the characteristics of its material itself. For example, it will shrink after cleaning, so it can't be ironed and smoothed, so as to avoid the cashmere pouring and disordering of chenille fabric, especially the front of the product, which will greatly reduce the appreciation of chenille yarn products.

We have nearly 20 years for production and service experience.Owns professional production technology,quality management,and skilled and stable industrial workers. We are mainly engaged in the production and sales of FDY(75/36 yarn),DTY(dty 300 96 polyester yarn,nylon 40/12 yarn), spandex covered yarn(2070 polyester + Spandex Yarn), rubber covered yarn(polyester 1207575 yarn),Lycra Covered yarn(polyester +lycra yarn),polyester high elastic yarn( polyester 75/36/2 yarn), high elastic yarn(nylon 70/24/2 yarn), Spandex(20D 40D 70D) and provide high quality materials for all types of textiles.Of course we also sell fancy yarn.

(Source: Official Account of China Textile Leader)

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