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Textile Basic Knowledge (1)

nguva:2019-05-22 Hits:

Textile Basic Knowledge

 

1. Maitiro anowanzo shandiswa ekuverenga emachira anogona kukamurwa kuita maviri marudzi: yakatarwa pakureba kuverenga kuverenga uye yakagadziriswa uremu kuverenga kuverenga.

 

1. Kuverenga fomula yeakagadzika kureba system:

(1) Dhanieri (D): D = g / L * 9000 apo G iri huremu hwetambo yesilika (d), L ndiko kureba kwetambo yesilika (M)

(2) Tex (H)]: tex = g / L * 1000 apo G iri huremu (d) of yarn (or silk) uye L ndiyo urefu (M) ofyarnorkana sirika

(3) dtex: dtex = g / L * 9000 apo G iri huremu hwetambo yesilika (d), L ndiko kureba kwetambo yesilika (M)

 

2. Kuverenga mafomula eakagadziriswa-huremu system:

(1) Metric kuverenga (N): N = L / G apo G iri huremu (d) of yarn (or silk) uye L ndiyo urefu (M) ofyarnorkana sirika

(2) Nhamba yemapazi eBritish (S): S = L /(G * 840), uko G kuri huremu hwetambo yesilika (pondo), L ndiko kureba kwetambo yesilika (kodhi)

 

2. Shanduro fomula yekusarudza yemachira yunifomu:

 

(1) Shanduko fomula yemetric expenditure (N) naDanieri (D): D = 9000 / N

(2) Shanduko mafomula eBritish Mapazi (S) naDanieri (D): D = 5315 / S

(3) Shanduko fomula ye dtex uye tex: 1tex = 10dtex

(4) Shanduko fomula yeText naDanieri (D): Zvinyorwa = D / 9

(5) Shanduko fomula pakati peTex neBritish kuverenga (S): tex = K / S K kukosha: shinda yakachena yekotoni K = 583.1 yakanatswa fiber K = 590.5 polyester machira ekotoni K = 587.6 donje viscose mutsvuku (75:25) K = 584.8 shinda yemhando yekotoni (50:50)K == 587.0

(6), Tex uye metric nhamba (N) shanduko fomura: tex = 1000 / N.

(7) Shanduko fomula ye dtex naDaniel (D): dtex = 10D / 9

(8) Shanduko fomula pakati pe dtex neBritish kuverenga (S): dtex = 10K / S K kukosha: shinda yakachena yekotoni K = 583.1 yakanatswa fiber K = 590.5 polyester machira ekotoni K = 587.6 donje viscose mutsvuku (75:25) K = 584.8 shinda yemhando yekotoni (50:50)K == 587.0

(9) Shanduko mafomula e dtex uye metric mari (N): dtex = 10000 / N.

Shanduko mafomula e (10), metric sentimita (cm) uye inch: 1 inch = 2.54 masendimita

Shanduko mafomula emametric metres (M) uye kodhi yeBritish (yd): 1 kodhi = 0.9144 mamita

(12) Shanduko fomula yeg / m2 uye m / m yesirika uye satin: 1m / m = 4.3056g / m2

(13) Shanduko fomula yehuremu chaihwo uye huremu hwesilika nesatin: LB = uremu hwesilika pamamita (g / M)*0.9144 (m / yd)*50 (yd)/453.6 (g / yd)

3. Nzira dzekutsvaga:

 

1. Ruoko-kunzwa kuyerwa kuyerwa: Iyi nzira inokodzera machira mbishi zvinhu muhuwandu nyika.

(1) Kotoni tambo dzakapfupika uye dzakanaka kupfuura ramie fibers uye imwe tambo yehunyanzvi uye shinda yemvere, kazhinji nekusiyana kwakasiyana uye hurema.

(2) Iyo hemp fiber inonzwa kunge yakaoma uye yakaoma.

(3) Shinda dzemicheka dzakamonana uye dzakasununguka.

(4) Silika filament, refu uye yakatetepa, pamwe chaiko kubwinya.

(5) Mune makemikari fiber, chete viscose tambo dzakasiyana zvakanyanya mukuoma uye kunyorova simba.

(6) Polyurethane filament ine kusimba kukuru, uye kureba kwayo kunogona kutambanudzwa kusvika kanopfuura kashanu pane tembiricha yemukati.

 

2. Microscopic yekucherechedza nzira: Iyo inoenderana nehurefu uye kuyambuka-chikamu chema morphological hunhu hweiyo tambo yekuziva iyo tambo.

(1) Cotton faibha: muchinjikwa-chikamu chikamu: chiuno chakatenderera, nechiuno chepakati; chimiro chakamira: Ribbon rakapetana, pamwe dzinongoitika vachikotama.

(2) Hemp (ramie, furakisi, jute) faibha: muchinjikwa-chikamu chikamu: chiuno chakatenderera kana polygonal, ine mhango; longitudinal form: nechikamu chemuchinjikwa, mitsetse yakatwasuka.

(3) Shinda fiber: muchinjikwa-chikamu chikamu: kutenderera kana kutenderera, vamwe vane mvere dzemakwai; longitudinal form: pamusoro nezviyero.

(4) Tsuro bvudzi tambo: muchinjikwa-chikamu morphology: dumbbell mhando, nemvere ine mvere; longitudinal morphology: nemakwande pamusoro.

(5) Mulberry sirika faibha: muchinjikwa-chikamu chikamu: isina kuenzana katatu; chimiro chakareba: yakatsetseka uye yakatwasuka, longitudinal mitsetse.

(6) Zvakajairika viscose fibers: muchinjikwa-chikamu chikamu: serrated, ganda-musimboti chimiro; longitudinal form: longitudinal paburi.

(7) Simba-rakapfuma tambo: muchinjikwa-chikamu chikamu: mazino mashoma, kana denderedzwa, elliptical; longitudinal form: kumeso kwakatsetseka.

(8) Acetate tambo: muchinjikwa-chikamu chikamu: trilobal kana zvisina kufanira serrated; longitudinal form: pamusoro nemitsetse yenguva refu.

(9) Acrylic faibha: muchinjikwa-chikamu chikamu: denderedzwa, dumbbell kana shizha; chimiro chakareba: wakatsetseka kana mitsetse.

(10) Polyvinyl chloride tambo: muchinjikwa-chikamu chikamu: padhuze nedenderedzwa; chimiro chakareba: kumeso kwakatsetseka.

(11) Spandex faibha: muchinjikwa-chikamu chikamu: mugari chimiro, denderedzwa, chakaumbwa nembatatisi; chimiro chakareba: rima pamusoro, kuratidza kusajeka mitsetse yemabhonzo.

(12) Polyester, nylon uye polypropylene tambo: muchinjikwa-chikamu chikamu: yakatenderera kana isina kujairika; chimiro chakareba: tsvedzerera.

(13) Vinylon fiber: muchinjikwa-chikamu chikamu: chiuno chakatenderera, ganda-musimboti chimiro; chimiro chakareba: 1-2 grooves.

 

3. Density gradient nzira: Iyo yakavakirwa pane hunhu hweakasiyana tambo ane akasiyana kusiana kuti aone iyo tambo.

(1) Iyo sisitimu ye xylene kabhoni tetrachloride inowanzo sarudzirwa kuumbwa kweiyo density gradient mvura.

(2) Kuenzanisa kwehuwandu hwesimba gradient chubhu inowanzoitwa nenzira chaiyo sphere nzira.

(3) Kuyera uye kuverenga, deoiling, kuomesa uye kusvibisa kufungidzira kwekutanga kweiyo tambo inofanirwa kuyerwa, kugadzira mapellets muchiyero, uye kuyera kuenzana kweiyo tambo zvinoenderana nekumiswa kwenzvimbo idzi.

 

4. Fluorescence nzira: Ultraviolet mwenje we fluorescent unoshandiswa kujekesa iyo fibers. Iyo tambo inoonekwa zvinoenderana neyavo akasiyana fluorescent zvivakwa uye akasiyana fluorescent mavara.

Iwo marara emagetsi emhando dzakasiyana-siyana anoratidzwa zvakadzama:

(1) Cotton uye shinda yemicheka: yero yakajeka

(2) Yakatemerwa donje fiber: kutsvuka kwakatsvuka

(3) Jute  faibha: yepepuru-shava

(4) Jute, silika uye nylon tambo: bhuruu rakajeka

(5) Viscose Fiber: Muchena Mutsvuku

(6) Chiedza viscose tambo: yero yero yero yepepuru mimvuri

(7) Polyester tambo: chena mwenje, denga rebhuruu uye rakajeka

(8) Vinylon ine Optical fiber divi: yakajeka yero yepepuru mumvuri.

5. Maitiro ekupisa: Zvinoenderana nemakemikari akasiyana emakemikari, hunhu hwekutsva hwakasiyana zvakare, nekudaro zvichimisikidza marongero emhando mikuru yefaera.

Hunhu hwekutsva hwemhando dzinozivikanwa dzakafanana hunosiyaniswa uye huchienzaniswa seinotevera:

(1) Cotton, hemp, viscose nemhangura-ammonia fibers: padhuze nemurazvo wemoto: isiri-kudzikira uye kusinga nyungudike; bata murazvo: kukurumidza kupisa; kusiya murazvo: kuenderera kupisa; munhuhwi: munhuwi webepa raibvira; zvisaririra hunhu: shoma grey-nhema kana grey-chena madota.

(2) Sirika uye shinda yemicheka: padhuze nemurazvo wemoto: curl uye kunyauka; bata murazvo: curl, nyunguduka, kupisa; siya murazvo: kupisa kunononoka dzimwe nguva kuzvidzima; munhuhwi: munhuwi webvudzi rinopisa; zvisaririra hunhu: yakasununguka uye yakapwanyika nhema matema kana coke-senge.

(3) Polyester faibha: padhuze nemurazvo wemoto: melting; bata murazvo: mkunyauka kusvuta, kupisa kunonoka; kusiya murazvo: ramba uchipisa, dzimwe nguva kuzvidzimisa; munhuhwi: kunhuwirira kwakakosha uye kutapira; zvisaririra hunhu: mabhora matema akaoma.

(4) zvinhu zvenaironi faibha: pedyo murazvo: melting; bata murazvo: mkunyauka kusvuta; kusiya murazvo: kuzvidzimisa; munhuhwi: amino munhuwi; zvisaririra hunhu: rakaoma rakachenuruka bhora rajekesa.

(5) Acrylic faibha: padhuze nemurazvo wemoto: melting; bata murazvo: mkunyauka smoking; siya murazvo: ramba uchipisa, skusvuta munhuhwi: pungent; zvisaririra hunhu: nhema nhema dzisina kumira, kusasimba.

(6) Polypropylene faibha: pedyo murazvo: melting; bata murazvo: mkunyauka kusvirwa; kusiya murazvo: kuramba uchipisa; munhuhwi: Parafini kunhuwirira; zvisaririra hunhu: pfumbu-chena yakaoma yakajeka mabhora.

(7) Spandex faibha: pedyo murazvo: melting; bata murazvo: mkunyauka kusvirwa; kusiya murazvo: kuzvidzimisa; munhuhwi: kunhuwirira kwakasiyana; zvisaririra hunhu: chena gelatinous.

(8) Polyvinyl chloride tambo: pedyo murazvo: melting; bata murazvo: mkunyauka kusvirwa, kusvuta; kusiya murazvo: kuzvidzimisa; munhuhwi: munhuhwi unopinza; zvisaririra hunhu: bundu rakasviba.

(9) Vinylon fiber: padhuze nemurazvo wemoto: melting; bata murazvo: mkunyauka kusvirwa; kusiya murazvo: ramba uchipisa, kusvuta; munhuhwi: Kwakasiyana hwema; zvisaririra hunhu: isina bundu bhuru.