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E mōhio ana koe ki te tae o ēnei huakita?

wā:2019-09-02 Ngā Taunga:

I whakamahia te dyes maori hai waikano pūru i nga wā tawhito. I te 19th tērā rau tau, toa me te ngāwari ki te mahi, te awhe whānui o kehua dyes gradually whetaina te mākete. Heoi anō, ko ētahi kehua dyes he rāhuitia nā ōna carcinogenic, he pānga allergenic ki te tangata.

I te nuinga o nga tāngata o te tangata ora i te taha, ka tīmata te parenga hauora me te manaakitia ki te ora. Huakita, fungi me ētahi atu microorganisms e taea ai te whakaputa i te pigments maori ki te moitanga me te ahurea, ko te mea e anga ana ki tētahi o nga pūtake matua o te dyes maori e whakakapi ai i kehua dyes. I roto i ngā tau inātatanei, kua ea te pueru o tana taupānga ki te dyeing.

I tua atu, ko ngā rōpū tae makawe o te dyes kaiwhakataetae i te microorganisms, ka taea te chemically te whakarerekē hei whiwhi i te whanui tūāwhiorangi. Hei tāpiritanga ki te tae ā-kanapa, ko ētahi anthraquinone microbial dyes he pānga antibacterial anō, me te uara taupānga pea i roto i te mahinga whakamutu o pūru.

Te tae o te bacterium whakawhero i microorganisms

 

Bacillus waiporoporo: kikorangi me te waiporoporo

Ko nga pigments kikorangi maori he onge, he iti iho te microorganisms i te ao e whakaputa mai ana i a ratou. I 1997, he bacterium te āhei o te producing kikorangi me te waiporoporo bacteriocins i te Kōpaki. Ka bacterium tēnei perehipitiriana mai i tāhawahawatia hiraka: i hiraka te taratahi mai i te hiraka i muri i te tūnga wetting mō ngā marama maha, me ētahi o nga hiraka kikorangi, me te papura, kātahi ka whakamahi i te pararopi whakarewa tetrahydrofuran hei tango i te kano mai i te huakita. I kitea he āhuatanga tepara kano me te tae pai, he pai hoki mo te dyeing maori fibers pēnei i te hiraka, wūru me te miro.

Vibrio: whero

Ko ētahi utuhia taratahi he tatari o vibrio, ka taea te whakaputa i te waikano whero o te kanapa, i te Taimoana sediments, ka whakamahia te hua cloverazine ki te waikano wūru, ngaiaku, hiraka me ētahi atu pūru. Ngangara te tukanga ahurea: firstly, te taipuwhenua kotahi i te taha o te seawater taketake (SBRM) HAKARA te waka inoculated ki te koeko puoto e pupuri ana i te SBRM waenga, na ka mauria mai te tikanga i runga i te shaker i 30 °C me tētahi terenga tītaka o 200 r/meneti mō 12 h, na ka whakarohatia te ahurea. Muri, i clostridium te pure i te filtration, kukū, elution me ētahi atu hipanga, na ka riro te clostridium.

Te tae o te kopurawhetu whakawhero i microorganisms


Aspergillus Ngaika panepata paura: ka taea te whakaritea te tae

Aspergillus Ngaika he rongonui kua tūaritia Aspergillus kopurawhetu i te kakano, te rangi me te whenua. Ko ētahi utuhia creatively e whakamahia ana huka hei waenganui wē, me te tāpiri i tetahi o ngā whenua onge rangirua ki aspergillus Ngaika patapata e rite ana ki te whakautu waikano, kātahi ka tāpiri sterilized hiraka papanape mō dyeing. Ko te kara me te māteatea o te pūru whakawhero ka taea te whakarerekē mā te whakahaere i te tāpiri o ngā mea sporangia.

Aspergillus: whero, Waiporoporo, Karaka, kōwhai

Aspergillus whero ka taea te whakaputa i te tau nui o monascus pigments, ko tēhea ōti 6 momo waipiro-waikura pigments me 4 momo wai-waikura pigments, tae atu ki te pigments whero, pigments waiporoporo, pigments karaka me te pigments kōwhai. Utuhia whakamahia te aspergillus whero i te hiraka papanape dyeing, te aratuka pūtā: ka ngakia whero pai aspergillus werohanga ki te waenga, a 28 ~ 30 °C i tiangotanga hei ahurea akoranga, i muri i te tāpiri onge whenua hei waitumu, ki te dyeing wera iti o hiraka papanape i muri i te sterilization, fastness o te whakawhero papanape ka taea te tutuki ngā whakaritenga taketake.

Fusarium oxysporum: waiporoporo pinkish

Ko te rua o nga momo o fusarium oxysporum he taratahi mai i te inu pūtake, he mea pirau te pūtake, me te tatari o te producing māwhero-kore anthraquinone dyes screened, ka hoatu ki te dyeing o te hipi. Kua kitea he tae kanapa anake te papanape, engari he tae nui rawa fastness.

Cordyceps sinensis: 6 momo whero

Cordyceps sinensis BCC1869 he pepeke-whakatakaware kopurawhetu, ko te mea e taea e koe te whakaputa i ngā momo whero naphthoquinones ki te hanganga matū, he mea hanga ki te pigments whero, shikonin me vermonin. Kua whakaaturia e te akoranga ko te naphthoquinones cultured mā te cordyceps sinensis kua tino te taimautanga o te taha o te tākai, ā, ko ngā āhuatanga ā-roto me te antibacterial. Na reira, cordyceps sinensis BCC1869, hei waikano whero, he nui ake te uara taupānga o te dyeing me te whakamutu textiles. Heoi, kāore he pūrongo hāngai i te dyeing me te kore.

 

 

(pūtake: kaikaranga pueru)