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Tsarin samar da yarn yadi

Lokaci:2021-03-30 Hits:

Tsarin juyawa ya ƙunshi matakai takwas, gami da cire datti, loosening, sassautawa, yin kati, combing, rubutawa, karkatarwa da jujjuyawa.

1.Banda surutu

Juyawa shine nazarin jujjuya gajerun zaruruwa cikin yadudduka. Yawancin yadudduka ana yin su ne ta wurin guntun gajerun zaruruwa masu tsayi daban-daban, ko kuma ta hanyar karkatar da dogayen monofilaments masu tsayi, wajibi ne a fara cire kurakurai, wato, don aiwatar da aikin farko na albarkatun kasa, kuma aka sani da shiri na kadi raw kayan.Daban daban-daban na albarkatun kasa, iri daban-daban da kaddarorin ƙazanta, Hanyoyin sarrafawa da fasaha kuma sun bambanta.Hanyoyin sarrafa kayan aiki na farko sun haɗa da hanyoyin jiki (kamar su auduga), hanyoyin sinadarai (kamar hemp degumming, zazzafan siliki) da kuma hadewar hanyoyin jiki da sinadarai (kamar wanke ulu da carbonization).

2.jingina

Don aiwatar da ɓangarorin da ke da alaƙa da haɗin kai a cikin jeri mai tsayi da yarn mai santsi tare da wasu buƙatu., wajibi ne a canza lumpy zaruruwa zuwa guda zaruruwa, cire haɗin da ke kwance a cikin albarkatun fiber, da kafa tsayayyen haɗin kai daga farkon zuwa ƙarshe.Na farko ana kiransa sakin zaruruwa kuma ana kiran na ƙarshe tarin zaruruwa. Dole ne a rage girmansa.Haɗin zaruruwa shine don sa filayen da aka tarwatsa su sake kafa hanyar haɗin gwiwa don tsari.. Wannan haɗin yana ci gaba, kuma rarraba zaruruwa a cikin jikin taron yakamata ya zama iri ɗaya, kuma suna da ƙayyadaddun ƙima da ƙarfi a lokaci guda.Haɗin fiber, Har ila yau, yana buƙatar ƙara wani nau'i mai ma'ana. Ba a kammala tsarin taro a lokaci ɗaya ba, ta hanyar kati, tsarawa da murɗa sau da yawa don kammalawa.

3.budewa

Don sassauta shi ne yaga manyan zaruruwa zuwa ƙananan guntu ko daure. Faɗakarwa, hemp degumming shima wani nau'i ne na budadden sako-sako. Yayin da aikin budewa da sako-sako yake ci gaba, alaƙar da ke tsakanin fiber da ƙazanta ta raunana, domin a cire najasa, kuma ana samun haɗuwa tsakanin zaruruwa. Ba a gama cire aikin buɗewa da sassautawa da ƙazanta lokaci ɗaya ba., amma ta hanyar madaidaicin tsari na tsagewa, mai ban mamaki da rarrabawa da sauran ayyuka don gane a hankali.

4.tsefe

Tasirin katin shine ɗimbin alluran kati masu yawa akan na'urar yin katin suna ƙara sassaukar da ƙananan guntu da ɗigon zaruruwa zuwa yanayi guda., don haka yana ƙara inganta zazzagewar fiber.Bayan katin, an cire haɗin kai tsakanin zaruruwa da gaske, kuma tasirin cire datti da hadawa ya fi wadatar.Amma da yawa daga cikin zaruruwa suna lanƙwasa.Akwai ƙugiya mai lanƙwasa., kuma akwai wata hanyar haɗin kai tsakanin kowace fiber.

                                                                                                                                           

5.combing

Ayyukan combing na na'ura mai haɗawa shine yin amfani da combs don aiwatar da ƙarin cikakkun bayanai game da iyakar biyu na fiber a ƙarƙashin jihar mai riƙewa., da kuma sanya fiber ɗin ya zama daidai da daidaito, ƙasa da ƙazanta, madaidaiciya daidai gwargwado yana da kyau, gaba daya ba ta hanyar sarrafa comber ba.

6.rubutawa 

Ana zana tsiri mai tsayi da bakin ciki, a hankali yana kaiwa wani ƙayyadadden kauri, Wannan tsari ana kiransa daftarin aiki.Ya aza harsashi don tabbatar da haɗin kai na yau da kullun tsakanin zaruruwa., zane zai kawo m gungumen guntun yarn, don haka ya zama dole a daidaita na'urar tsara ma'ana da sigogin tsari.

7.karkatarwa

Murgudawa ita ce karkatar da barasar a kusa da gadar ta, ta yadda zarurukan da ke daidai da alkiblar axial na whisker sun kasance masu hazaka, ta haka yana haifar da matsin lamba na radial don gyara haɗin kai tsakanin zaruruwa.

8.iska 

Juyawa na samfuran da aka gama da su ko aka gama a cikin nau'i mai dacewa don ajiya, sufuri da sarrafawa a cikin tsari na gaba ana kiransa winding.Ya kamata a ci gaba da aiwatar da tsarin iska ba tare da tasiri ga fitarwa da ingancin samfurori ba., kuma ya kamata a yi ƙoƙari don samun ci gaba da samarwa tsakanin matakai daban-daban don rage matsalolin ingancin da tsarin iska ke haifarwa gwargwadon iko.

a takaice, tsarin kadi gabaɗaya ya ƙunshi shirye-shiryen albarkatun ƙasa, kwancewa, yin kati, kawar da ƙazanta, blending, rubutawa, hadawa, karkatarwa, da iska, wasu daga cikinsu ana samun su ta hanyar maimaita matakai.