EN
Duk Categories
EN

Labarai

Bincike da haɓaka yanayin haɓakar masana'anta masu fa'ida na ƙwayoyin cuta masu fa'ida

Lokaci:2021-07-05 Hits:

Abtract: Abubuwan da ake da su na tsafta da kayan kariya na likitanci galibi shingen jiki ne ga ƙwayoyin cuta da ƙwayoyin cuta, kuma ba su da wani tasiri na rigakafi da aikin rigakafi. Yawancin yadudduka na antimicrobial suna samun ayyukansu ta hanyar ƙara magungunan ƙwayoyin cuta yayin samar da fiber ko kammala masana'anta., wadanda ke da matsaloli kamar yiwuwar cutar da muhalli (antimicrobial inorganic), yiwuwar guba ga jikin mutum (kwayoyin antimicrobial), kuma m da kuma barga sakamako (na halitta antimicrobial).
A ciki 2016, Tawagar Farfesa Tao Xiaoming ta gano a karon farko cewa kayan aikin rigakafin ƙwayoyin cuta masu fa'ida. -- polyhydroxy alkanate saje fiber da yadi, wanda ke da faffadan bakan antimicrobial da antiviral aiki na yanayi da juriya, kuma ya buɗe wani sabon alkibla don haɓaka kayan masarufi na rigakafin ƙwayoyin cuta.

 

1. Trends da matsayi


A cikin 'yan shekarun nan, China, Amurka, Jamus, Kasar Japan da sauran kasashe sun mamaye kasuwar yadi na rigakafin cututtuka. Mafi girma a duniya mai kera kayan yaƙar ƙwayoyin cuta yana cikin yankin Asiya-Pacific.. Manyan masu kera kayan yaƙar ƙwayoyin cuta sun haɗa da Unitika Trading Co., Ltd., Birlacril, Gindanami Technology (Xiamen) Co., Ltd., Surgikotfab Textiles Pvt., Ltd., SaniDye-Ag.






Kasuwar duniya don suturar rigakafin ƙwayoyin cuta ta kasance $9.468 biliyan in 2019 kuma ana sa ran isa $12.313 biliyan by 2024, tare da CAGR 5.4%. Masana'antar kiwon lafiya tana kan gaba wajen yin amfani da masakun rigakafin ƙwayoyin cuta. Zuwa karshen watan Agusta 2020, adadin cibiyoyin kiwon lafiya da na kiwon lafiya a kasar Sin ya kai 1.020 miliyan. Yawan asibitoci ya karu daga 20,000 in 2009 ku 35,000 in 2020, ciki har da 12,000 asibitocin gwamnati da 23,000 asibitoci masu zaman kansu. Don haka, sararin kasuwar yadi na kashe kwayoyin cuta yana da girma.


Abubuwan da ake da su na tsafta da kayan kariya na likitanci galibi shingen jiki ne ga ƙwayoyin cuta da ƙwayoyin cuta, kuma ba su da wani tasiri na rigakafi da aikin rigakafi. Yawancin yadudduka na antimicrobial suna samun ayyukansu ta hanyar ƙara magungunan ƙwayoyin cuta yayin samar da fiber ko kammala masana'anta., wadanda ke da matsaloli kamar yiwuwar cutar da muhalli (antimicrobial inorganic), yiwuwar guba ga jikin mutum (kwayoyin antimicrobial), kuma m da kuma barga sakamako (na halitta antimicrobial). Masana'antar likitanci da kiwon lafiya suna buƙatar amintaccen gaggawa, ingantaccen kuma tsayayye na yadudduka na rigakafin ƙwayoyin cuta don amfanin likita da lafiya.

 

II. Bincike da ganowa






Farfesa Tao Siu-ming na Jami'ar Kimiyya da Fasaha ta Hong Kong (PolyU) ya kasance Shugaban Farfesa na Fasahar Yadi a Sashen Yada da Tufafi na PolyU tun 2002. Farfesa Tao ya yi aiki a matsayin shugaban Cibiyar Yada Labarai ta Duniya daga 2007 ku 2010. An ba shi lambar yabo ta girmamawa ta International Textile Institute a 2011, mafi girman lambar yabo ta mutum a fagen yadi. A ciki 2013, ya sami lambar yabo ta Founder's Award daga American Fiber Society, kyauta mafi girma a fannin kimiyyar fiber da fasaha. Kuma Royal Academy of Art, Zane da Kasuwanci. A lokaci guda, Farfesa Tao shine babban editan littafin "Littafin Jagora na Smart Textiles" Sprgren ne ya buga kuma yana aiki a hukumar edita fiye da dozin mahimman mujallu na ilimi a fagen.. Farfesa Tao ya yi suna a duniya don jagorancin bincikensa a cikin kayan fiber masu hankali, nanotechnology, photonic zaruruwa da yadudduka, m Electronics da photonic na'urorin, samar da yarn da kuma yadudduka.


A matsayin babban mai sadaukarwa na ƙirƙira kimiyya, Farfesa Tao ya jagoranci ƙwararrun masu ƙirƙira fasaha da riko 28 haƙƙin mallaka na ƙasa da ƙasa. Fiye da dozin na haƙƙin mallaka an bai wa kamfanoni a duk duniya don aikace-aikacen masana'antu. An yi amfani da fasahar yarn da aka murɗa 11 masu samar da yarn a duniya, samar fiye da HK $10.5 biliyan biliyan sabbin masaku da tufafi tsakanin 2005 kuma 2013.


A ciki 2016, Tawagar Farfesa Tao Xiaoming ta gano a karon farko cewa kayan aikin rigakafin ƙwayoyin cuta masu fa'ida. -- polyhydroxy alkanate saje fiber da yadi, wanda ke da faffadan bakan antimicrobial da antiviral aiki na yanayi da juriya, kuma ya buɗe wani sabon alkibla don haɓaka kayan masarufi na rigakafin ƙwayoyin cuta.

 

III.  halaye na fiber hatsi


3.1 Ingantaccen maganin rigakafi da antiviral


Hydroxy butyrate (PHB), wani tasiri antimicrobial bangaren na hatsi fiber (PHBV/PLA), zai iya yadda ya kamata ya lalata bangon tantanin halitta na ƙwayoyin cuta da sauran ƙwayoyin cuta da membrane na ƙwayoyin cuta, ta yadda abubuwan cikinta su rika zubowa, yana haifar da rashin daidaituwa na rayuwa, ta haka ne ke hana kiwo da kwayoyin cuta da kashe kwayoyin cuta, don cimma sakamako na antimicrobial da antiviral.


Sakamakon ya nuna cewa yawan maganin rigakafi akan Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus pneumoniae da Candida bauseri sun fi 99.99%, kuma adadin maganin ƙwayoyin cuta akan Staphylococcus aureus mai jure wa ƙwayoyi ya fi 99.97%. Adadin rashin kunnawa na ƙwayoyin cuta H1N1 da H3N2 shima ya zarce 99.99%, da inactivation index ya fi girma 4.0.


Duban sikandar sinadarai na lantarki ya nuna cewa an lalata fim ɗin ƙwayoyin cuta kuma bangon tantanin halitta ya lalace kuma ya ratsa.. Denaturation na zubewar sunadaran.

(S-PHB yana lalata biofilm)










3.2 Babu haushi da guba


Sakamakon gwaje-gwajen haushi ya nuna cewa PHB oligomer a cikin adadin da ya dace ba shi da haushi kuma mai guba ga fata., kuma za a iya amfani da su a cikin kayan aikin kiwon lafiya.

 

(Fig.A Tasirin S-PHB akan ƙwayar fata na BALB/c mice)

(Hotunan fata na berayen tsirara bayan maganin S-PHB don 72 hours)

3.3 Low zazzabi rini makamashi ceton da muhalli kariya
Fiber phoenol (PHBV-PLA) za a iya lalatar da shi zuwa ruwa da carbon dioxide ba tare da saura gurɓatacce ba, da ikon amfani da fiber rini tsari ne 32% kasa da na tsarin rini na polyester.

 

Kwatanta ayyukan PET da PHBV/PLA



IV. Aikace-aikace da tsawo


A ciki 2019, aikace-aikacen kayan aikin likitancin fiber na hatsi ya fara a Asibitin Haɗin gwiwa na Jami'ar Polytechnic ta Hong Kong. Saboda, Abubuwan da aka bayar na Nanjing Hesu Times Antimicrobial Materials Co., Ltd., Ltd., wanda ke da alhakin masana'anta, ya zama kadai mai samar da kayan aikin rigakafin ƙwayoyin cuta da na rigakafi a Hong Kong don "Abubuwan Yadi don Rage Cututtukan da Asibiti suka Samu" aikin.

(Antibacterial da antiviral kayayyakin likita)



Nanjing Hesu Times Antibacterial Material Technology Co., Ltd., Ltd. babban kamfani ne na kasa da kasa. Karkashin jagorancin Farfesa Tao Xiaoming, Abubuwan da za a iya lalata PHBV (polyhydroxybutyrate valerate) An ƙara masterbatch na antibacterial cikin PLA, PET da sauran masaku a cikin sabuwar hanya don haɓaka jerin samfuran "Wo" kuma Woo", wanda ke ba da textiles marasa narkar da aikin antibacterial da antiviral, mafi girma aminci da kwanciyar hankali, kuma suna da tasirin kawar da wari bayyananne. Ana iya amfani dashi ko'ina a cikin kayan aikin likita, yadi da tufafi, kayan masarufi na gida, kula da uwa da jariri, kayan mata, kariya ta mutum da sauran fannoni.


4.1 Yakin jarirai na rigakafi


Kwayoyin cuta, dadi, kula da fata shine yanayin ci gaba na gaba na yadudduka na jarirai, shi ne kuma mayar da hankali ga ci gaba da kuma kula da harkokin kasuwanci masu dangantaka. Auduga (PHBV/PLA) 70/30 saƙa baby da yara yadudduka, an gwada ta hukuma ta ɓangare na uku, antiviral aiki kudi na 87.54%. Kuma bayan ma'aunin wanki na AAA, masana'anta yana da taushi, m, antibacterial, kula da fata da sauran halaye, yayin da tabbatar da kwanciyar hankali na masana'anta na jarirai, ƙara lafiya da kwanciyar hankali aikin ƙwayoyin cuta, yadda ya kamata kula da lafiyar fata baby.

(Fabric ga jariri da yaro tare da aikin ƙwayoyin cuta na halitta)


4.2 Antibacterial denim yadudduka
Mai laushi, dadi, lafiya da antibacterial masana'anta denim masana'anta ne na gaba ci gaban yanayin. Gilashin masara na denim daidai ya gaji halaye na babban tasiri antibacterial na masara fiber. A cikin gano antiviral na H1N1 da H3N2, yawan aikin rigakafin ya kai 99.94%, da adadin ayyukan rigakafin cutar shan inna ya kai 99.19%. Ga masu son saka wando jeans, amma damuwa game da canza launin idan ana wanke su akai-akai, koda kuwa ba a yawaita wanke su ba, za su iya tsayayya da harin ƙwayoyin cuta da ƙwayoyin cuta yadda ya kamata.

(Denim masana'anta tare da aikin ƙwayoyin cuta na tushen bio)




4.3 Yadudduka mara saƙa na ƙwayoyin cuta


Green anti-kwayan cuta ba saka masana'anta yana da halaye na kore anti-kwayan cuta, kare muhalli da lafiya. Akan haka, Ana iya haɓaka samfuran kulawa da yawa na C-karshen, irin su adibas na tsafta, diapers, auduga taushi napkins, rigar napkins da sauransu. Idan aka kwatanta da manyan samfurori a kasuwa, yayin tabbatar da laushi, sha ruwa da sauran halaye, ya karu da abũbuwan amfãni daga antibacterial, yadda ya kamata inganta ingancin samfurin.

 

(Samfuran masana'anta marasa saƙa tare da aikin ƙwayoyin cuta na tushen bio)




V. Halaye da kalubale


Fiber jerin hatsi na iya dacewa da fasahar yadi daban-daban, yarn, yadudduka, tushen nazarin halittu na aikin ƙwayoyin cuta ya fi kwanciyar hankali, mafi inganci, mafi aminci, tare da ci gaban fasaha da haɓakar kowane haɗin gwiwa, ƙarin ingancin kayan aikin hatsi masu inganci za a sa su a kasuwa a jere, taimaka wajen inganta ƙarin darajar kayayyakin gargajiya da kuma gasa kasuwa a kasuwa, Wannan kuma shine ainihin niyya da alkiblar haɓaka samfuran fiber hatsi, don ƙarin iyalai su ji daɗin rayuwa mai inganci.


A lokaci guda, a matsayin sabon nau'in fiber na tushen kwayoyin halitta, yana da gaggawa don kafa dangantaka tsakanin ilimin halitta, jiki da sinadaran Properties, inji mai alaka, sarrafa aiki da fasaha na irin wannan nau'in ƙwayar cuta na ƙwayoyin cuta da ƙwayoyin cuta, kuma tsarin ma'auni na masana'antu na irin wannan nau'in halittun halittu masu ɗorewa ƙwaƙƙwaran ƙwayoyin cuta da samfuran antiviral yana da gaggawa don kafawa..


Da fatan za a nuna tushen sake buga wannan labarin na musamman na gidan yanar gizo "yanar gizo yadi"