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Ƙirƙirar fasaha don haɓaka fiber mai aiki

Lokaci:2019-11-04 Hits:

Fiber mai aiki shine ya nuna baya ga kayan aikin jiki da na inji wanda babban wurin fiber ke da shi, har yanzu suna da fiber ɗin sinadari iri ɗaya ko wasu nau'ikan ayyuka na musamman, jira aikin kamar hygroscopic, adana zafi, antibacterial, antistatic. Zaburan aiki ba za su iya ba da amsa ba kawai da aiki ba don saduwa da takamaiman buƙatu da manufa, amma kuma rayayye amsa da kuma tuna, ake kira smart fibers.

Gabaɗaya za a iya raba filaye masu aiki zuwa nau'i biyu. Ɗayan shine filaye masu aiki da aka gyara waɗanda aka yi niyya akan filaye na al'ada, wato, Ana ba da filaye na al'ada tare da sababbin ayyuka na musamman a cikin ilimin halittar jiki gaba ɗaya da aiki ta hanyar fasaha na gyara jiki da sinadarai, kamar gudanarwa, ajiyar wutar lantarki, ajiyar zafi, watsawa, rabuwa, lantarki, biocompatibility, etc. Wani nau'in shine fiber mai girma tare da ayyuka na musamman, gabaɗaya yana nufin halayen babban ƙarfin hali, high modules, high zafin jiki juriya, sinadaran lalata juriya da sauran kaddarorin fiber, shi don tasirin jiki na waje kamar damuwa, zafi, haske, wutar lantarki ko juriya na sinadarai na filaye ne na al'ada, kamar carbon fiber, gilashin fiber, ultra-high kwayoyin nauyi polyethylene fiber, aramid fiber, polyimide fiber, Farashin PPS, basalt fiber, etc. Ba a amfani da fiber mai aiki da dai sauransukawai a cikin tufafi da yadin gida, amma kuma yana da fa'idar aikace-aikace mai fa'ida a fagen sufuri, gini, kula da lafiya, jirgin sama da kuma aerospace.

 

 

1. Fasahar sarrafa fiber na musamman

Yawancin hanyoyin shirye-shiryen filaye masu gyare-gyaren aiki sune gyaran jiki ko sinadarai na kayan fiber gama gari. Hanyoyin da aka saba amfani da su sun haɗa da canza siffar rami na spinneret, ƙara aikin foda a cikin maganin kadi, juzu'i mai haɗaka biyu, dasa copolymerization, da dai sauransu. Tsakanin su, canza siffar ramin spinneret don tsara sashin fiber shine hanyar da aka fi amfani da ita.

 

Tsarin zane na filayen bayanan martaba


Dangane da aikin samarwa, COOLMAX® polyester fiber na INVISTA (INVISTA) an kasu kashi "goma" siffa da sabon "c-o" siffar da aka haɓaka a farkon mataki. Fiber na Aerocool wanda kamfanin HYOSUNG na Koriya ta Kudu ya ƙera an yi shi da siffa mai kama da ganye huɗu na "alfalfa", tare da kyakkyawan shayar danshi da gumi. Fiber ɗin da TEIJIN ya gabatar da shi an yi shi ne da filaye mai ɗorewa kuma an haɗa shi da ɓangaren rami a gefen fiber ɗin.. Yana da aikin tsotse gumi a cikin ɓacin rai don ajiya ko sakin zufan da aka adana a cikin jiki. Farashin THERMOLITE® polyester m fiber, kwaikwayo na polar bear ulu samar, kyakkyawan aikin rufewa, dace da yin ski shirts, tufafin hawan dutse da sauransu. Ci gaban cikin gida yana da ingantacciyar nasara kuma haɓaka masana'antar filaye mai ma'ana shima yana da yawa, ciki har da Quanzhou Haitian ƙaddamar da Coldry® sha danshi da zufa magudanar ruwa, yizheng sinadaran fiber ci gaban Coolbst danshi jagora azumi bushe bambancin fiber, Zhongxing na Taiwan ya haɓaka sha da danshi na Coolplus da fiber magudanar zufa, Taiwan haojie ta kaddamar da Technofine mai sha da kuma zubar da magudanar ruwa na polyester fiber.

 

2. Haɗa fasahar siliki

Ta ƙara aikin masterbatch, foda da reagents cikin kadi bayani, sabon kayan fiber tare da ayyuka na dindindin kuma ana iya shirya su ta hanyar haɗuwa. Ɗaukar aikin masterbatch a matsayin misali, an yi amfani da shi sosai wajen inganta haɓakar wuta, antibacterial, juriya na sunadarai da juriya na uv na fiber polyester, polyamide fiber da regenerating cellulose fiber.

 

Common sinadaran fiber masterbatch kayayyakin

 

Dangane da aikace-aikacen fasahar siliki da aka haɗa, a lokacin da antibacterial da deodorization aiki na daban-daban zaruruwa, antibacterial jamiái kamar zinc oxide, azurfa chloride, azurfa nitrate, jan karfe oxide, chloride kofuna, jan karfe sulfate da sauran barbashi za a iya ƙara a cikin ruwan kadi ta amfani da nano fasahar samar da kwayoyin zaruruwa. An ƙara wakilin garkuwar Uv a cikin maganin jujjuyawar, kamar nanoscale titanium dioxide, gubar monoxide, zinc oxide, silicon dioxide, alumina, baƙin ƙarfe oxide, manganese borate, aluminum silicate, da dai sauransu., kuma fiber ɗin da aka shirya yana da halaye na ɗaukar hasken ultraviolet tare da tsawon 200-400nm.. Matsalolin harshen wuta marasa halogen kamar poly (p-phenylsulfone) phenylphosphonate ester, cyclic phosphate ester da organosilicone an ƙara su a cikin narke narke ko bayani don gyara jinkirin harshen wuta na fiber polypropylene., polyacrylonitrile fiber da polyester fiber. Ta hanyar gabatar da nanoparticles graphene cikin matrix fiber polymer kamar viscose, polyamide, polyacrylonitrile da polyvinyl barasa, graphene/polymer composite fiber za a iya haɓaka don inganta ƙarfi, zafi juriya, anti-ultraviolet, anti-kwayan cuta da anti-static Properties na polymer fiber. Babban samfurori sune fiber mica, fitar fiber, shinkafa da alkama zaren, yumbu fiber, taiji dutse fiber da sauransu. Bugu da kari, ta hanyar fasahar ƙari microcapsule, Ana ƙara microcapsule mai ƙunshe da barbashi na aiki a cikin ruwa mai jujjuyawa yayin aiwatar da aikin fiber na sinadarai, wanda zai iya shirya aromatic fiber, Fibre-retardant mai dacewa da muhalli, lokaci-canza zafin jiki mai sarrafa fiber, fiber mai canza launi da sauransu.

3. Haɗin fasahar kadi

Ƙwaƙwalwar ƙira, wanda a cikinsa ake jujjuya polymers biyu ko sama da haka ko kuma polymer iri ɗaya masu kaddarorin daban-daban a cikin fiber guda ta hanyar spinneret iri ɗaya, yana buƙatar ƙarin kayan sarrafawa. Haɗaɗɗen zaruruwa, kamar nau'in layi daya, nau'in core da nau'in tsibirin teku, za a iya samu a kan wannan giciye sashe. Fiber ɗin da aka haɗa ba kawai zai iya magance kullun dindindin da elasticity na fiber ba, amma kuma samar da halaye na sauƙi rini, harshen wuta, antistatic da high danshi sha ta hanyar ci gaba da ɗaukar hoto na mahara aka gyara. Irin su harsashi bicomponent PTT da T400 invista kamfanin na roba fiber duk ta PET da PTT fili kadi da kuma, nau'i nau'i biyu na zaren yana da nau'i-nau'i na dabi'a mai girma uku da kuma juriya mai kyau, da kuma warware wahalar al'ada na roba fiber spandex rini, na roba wuce haddi, rashin zaman lafiyar saƙa mai rikitarwa, girman masana'anta da tsufa na spandex a cikin aiwatar da amfani, da sauran batutuwa da dama; Fibre retardant na harshen wuta wanda aka yi ta hanyar haɗaɗɗen kadi tare da gauraya ko copolymer harshen wuta retardant babban polymer a matsayin core da na kowa high polymer kamar yadda fata na iya kauce wa discoloration da matalauta haske juriya na harshen wuta retardant fiber da inganta kwanciyar hankali na harshen retardant yi da rini yi.. Tare da ƙaramin ƙarfe mai narkewa ko gami azaman babban Layer da PET azaman cortex, An haɓaka sabon nau'in fiber mai haɗaka da radiation na lantarki, wanda warware matsalolin data kasance electromagnetic garkuwa fiber shafi kasancewa mai sauki ga oxidization, ba sauƙin rini da rashin jin daɗin hannu ba.

 

4. Fasahar gyara copolymerization Graft

Hanyar tana cikin gyare-gyaren sinadarai na fiber, kuma tsarin samar da shi yana da tsawo kuma farashin samarwa yana da yawa. Copolymerization shine polymerization na monomers biyu ko fiye a ƙarƙashin wasu yanayi. Grafting shine tsarin sinadarai wanda za'a iya haɗa babban sarkar kwayoyin fiber zuwa rukunin da ake buƙata. Idan an yi amfani da hanyar dasa shuki ko radiation, Ana amfani da mahadi masu amsawa waɗanda ke ɗauke da phosphorus da halogen don gyara gyaggyarawa na polyester, polyvinyl barasa da sauran zaruruwa, wanda ke da kyau karko. Ta hanyar grafting copolymerization, kungiyoyin hydrophilic kamar rukunin hydroxyl, kungiyar carboxyl, ƙungiyar amide da ƙungiyar amino an gabatar dasu cikin tsarin macromolecular na fiber, wanda zai iya inganta hygroscopic, sweats da antistatic Properties na fiber. Hanya ce mai tsafta ta yau da kullun cewa fiber ɗin yana canzawa ta hanyar kunna sama da grafting tare da hasken wuta mai ƙarfi., mai ƙarfi ultraviolet ray ko Laser radiation ko ƙananan zafin jiki.


Don ƙarin bayani, da fatan za a kula da rahoton ci gaban kayayyakin masaka na kasar Sin 2019.

 

(tushe: Yadi jagorar hukuma micro)