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Shafin gida "Cibiyar bayanai" Bayanan fasaha Masu bincike na kasar Sin sun ƙera wani masana'anta na gani da ba za a iya amfani da su ba don sanyaya jiki..

Lokaci:2021-09-06 Hits:

Canjin yanayi ya zama babban ƙalubale da dukan ’yan Adam suka fuskanta. A cikin samarwa da aiki, babu makawa mutane suna fuskantar yanayin waje na yawan zafin jiki da kuma insolation, don haka yana da gaggawa ga mutane su gane kariyar waje ba tare da amfani da makamashi ba. Yadda za a guje wa illar da zafin zafi ke haifarwa ga jikin ɗan adam tare da inganci da ƙarancin kuzari? A cikin wata takarda da aka buga kwanan nan a cikin babban mujallar ilimi ta duniya "Kimiyya", Tao Guangming tawagar ta Jami'ar Kimiyya da Fasaha ta Huazhong, Tawagar Farfesa Ma Yaoguang ta Jami'ar Zhejiang, Tao Guangming Smart Fabric Studio na Cibiyar Nazarin Yaduwar Sin da sauran binciken kimiyya da sassan masana'antu sun gudanar da sabbin fasahohin hadin gwiwa na hadin gwiwa don kawar da ra'ayin gargajiya na sanyi.. An ƙirƙiri masana'anta mai sanyi na gani na gani na sifili wanda ke da tasirin sanyaya a ƙarƙashin hasken rana kai tsaye. An ba da rahoton cewa masana'anta na iya sanyaya saman jikin ɗan adam ta kusan 5 ℃ a cikin yanayin fallasa waje, tare da kyakkyawan ƙarfin sanyaya hasken rana, wanda ke da mahimmanci ga fahimtar ingantaccen sarrafa zafin jiki na waje.


Wani masana'anta mai sanyi wanda masu bincike suka kirkira


Zafin jiki yana canjawa wuri daga nama na subcutaneous zuwa fata, sa'an nan kuma ya bazu zuwa yanayin da ke kewaye ta hanyar tufafi, don haka kiyaye ma'aunin zafi mai tsauri da ingantacciyar yanayin zafin jiki. Therefore, kula da thermal na sirri ta hanyar sutura hanya ce mai inganci don kula da daidaitattun buƙatun yanayin jin daɗin jikin ɗan adam. Duk da haka, tufafin sanyaya da ke akwai yana da matsalolin rashin tasiri mai sanyi, nauyi ba haske, yawan amfani da makamashi. Don haka a cikin 'yan shekarun nan, yadudduka da aka dogara akan ƙa'idodin zafi mai haske sun jawo hankali sosai daga masana kimiyya da masana'antu. Domin infrared radiation kewayon jikin mutum (7-14 μm) overlapses tare da m taga yanayi (8-13 μm), Za'a iya sanyayamzafin jiki na jikin ɗan adam kai tsaye zuwa sararin samaniya ta tagar sararin samaniya, don haka samun sifiri mai sanyaya amfani da makamashi. TSaboda haka sanyayawar radiation ta amfani da masana'anta mai sawa na ɗan adam na iya haɓaka aikin jin daɗin zafi na jikin ɗan adam ba tare da shigar da kuzarin waje ba, wanda shine yuwuwar madadin da kari ga fasahar sarrafa wutar lantarki ta gargajiya.
An fahimci cewa masana'anta na firij da hankali da masu bincike suka kirkira yana da tsari mai tsari.. Bisa ga masana'anta sarari tsarin, tsarin fiber, fiber ciki nano tsarin, rarrabuwar sararin samaniya da ma'auni daban-daban, kafa wani macroscopic oda, microscopic bazuwar tsarin halittar jiki.



Jadawalin tsari na masana'anta mai sanyin jiki don sanyaya hasken rana



Masu binciken sun haɗu da fasahar metamaterial na photoelectric tare da fasahar shirye-shiryen fiber batch, kuma zaɓi kore da biodegradable poly (lactic acid) (PLA) kamar yadda fiber albarkatun kasa. Bayan ci gaba da sarrafawa, uniform da ci gaba da metamaterial zaruruwa aka samu. Ƙarfin fiber ya wadatar da injin ɗinki don haɗa kowane rubutu da siffa akan yadudduka na kasuwanci. Bisa wannan, Masu binciken sun ci gaba da amfani da saƙa da dabarun lamination don samun yadudduka na metamaterial tare da haskakawa. 92.4% a cikin hasken rana band kuma 94.5% a cikin tsakiyar infrared band.



Gwajin aikin kwantar da hankali na masana'anta na metamaterial:
(a) Tsarin tsari na kayan gwaji da hotunan samfurori; (b) Metamaterial masana'anta 24 sa'o'i ci gaba da sanyaya yi gwajin kwana

Bugu da kari, masu binciken sun gwada jikkunan mutane da aka kwaikwayi kuma sun gano cewa zafin fatar jikin da aka kwaikwayi da yadudduka na metamaterial ya rufe. 5 zuwa 7℃ kasa da na auduga, spandex da hemp yadudduka da tsakar rana.



Gwajin kwatancen aikin sanyaya tsakanin masana'anta da masana'anta na kasuwanci:
(a) Tsarin tsari na na'urar gwaji da hoton samfurin (b) Kwatancen gwajin kwatancen aikin masana'anta na firiji

A cikin gwajin sanyi na samfurin mota, Bambancin zafin jiki tsakanin ƙirar mota da aka rufe da masana'anta na refrigerating metamaterial da ƙirar motar da aka rufe da murfin na iya kaiwa zuwa 27 ℃, kuma bambancin zafin jiki tsakanin samfurin mota ba tare da murfin ba zai iya kaiwa zuwa 30 ℃.



Gwajin kwatancen aikin sanyaya tsakanin masana'anta da murfin mota na kasuwanci:
(a) Motoci na zahiri da hotunan infrared; (b) Kwatanta kwandon gwajin aikin firiji

Metamaterial yadudduka tsada kadan fiye da talakawa tufafi, wanda ke nufin za su iya sa fasahar ta fi dacewa ga mutane fiye da na ruwa da tufafi masu sanyaya, masu binciken sun ce. Hakanan an yi nasarar amfani da masana'anta na metamaterial a cikin abin rufe fuska na likita da tufafin kariya, wanda zai iya kwantar da yanayin zafi sosai a waje idan aka kwatanta da kayan kariya na likitanci na gargajiya. An ba da rahoton cewa samar da masana'anta na metamaterial yana da ƙananan buƙatu don kayan aiki, amfani da makamashi sifili, maras tsada, masana'antu taro samar da sauran halaye, dace da babban-sikelin gabatarwa na shirye-shirye da kuma masana'antu aikace-aikace. (Wannan labarin ya fito ne daga buɗaɗɗen bayanai)

(Source: Hukumance Account na Textile Herald)