EN
Duk Categories
EN

Labarai

Ci gaba da aikace-aikace na zato yarn: yarn dige mai launi

Lokaci:2021-11-15 Hits:

Yadin da ke da maki kala-kala daban-daban da aka makala a saman zaren ana kiransa yarn mai launi. Ana amfani da yarn ɗigon launi galibi don yin yadudduka saƙa, saman zane yana ba da siffar tauraro dige, ba mutum mai kyau, ban mamaki ji. Zaren dige launi har yanzu yana iya ƙirƙirar yarn ɗin dige mai launi na filamentous, yarn ruwan siliki, dogon hatsi yarn, yarn yarn. Bugu da kari, Hakanan ana amfani da yarn dige mai launi a cikin woolen, kamar wuta a cikin tweed (tweed), an yi shi da yarn ɗigo mai launi.
Ci gaban kasuwar yarn ɗigo mai launi ta ƙasa da ƙasa tana da ɗan kwanciyar hankali. Bukatar yarn dige shine mafi girma a Amurka, kuma yana ƙara bayyana a ƙasashen Turai, da kuma kasuwanni masu tasowa irin su Rasha. Kasashen Turai da Amurka ne ke jagorantarsu, Buƙatun kasuwannin duniya na zaren launi yana girma.




Za'a iya raba yarn mai launi mai launi zuwa matakai biyu: daya shine yin mataki na yarn aya mai launi, ɗayan kuma shine matakin jujjuyawar yarn mai launi. Gabaɗaya, kowane nau'in gajerun zaruruwa an fara yin su ne zuwa barbashi, wanda ake karawa a cikin tsarin juyawa bayan rini. Dukansu kayan aikin auduga da kayan kadi na ulu za a iya shafa su don yin barbashi na ulu. Misali, zaka iya amfani da fiber mai launi mai launi don yin barbashi masu launi, fararen barbashi da aka rina tare da sinadirin fiber na halitta don ƙarawa a cikin kaɗa, ko farar maki gauraye da madaidaicin farashin shafan fiber a cikin yarn, maki rini guda ɗaya bayan saƙa cikin zane, don haka fuskar masana'anta ta bayyana maki launi masu launi.




Yaren dige mai launin yawanci ana jujjuya shi ta hanyar haɗa ɗigon ɗigo masu launi waɗanda ke ɗauke da su "dige masu launi" tare da talakawa masu launin kadi tube. Hakanan akwai buƙatun fasaha daban-daban don samar da yarn mai launi a cikin kowane tsari.




A cikin tsarin tsaftacewa, bisa ga bukatun na samar da barbashi auduga Rolls, barbashi da aka yi a cikin tsarin samar da kwayoyin halitta suna gauraye da zaruruwan auduga na al'ada a cikin akwatin auduga, kuma ana sarrafa adadin ciyarwa daidai gwargwado ta hanyar ciyar da barbashi na wucin gadi bayan injin, don haka barbashi suna mirgine a cikin akwatin auduga, don haka daidaitattun rarraba madaidaiciyar yarn ya dace da bukatun.
A cikin tsarin katin auduga, diddigin farantin murfin murfin da saman ƙafar katin da ke samar da tarkace suna juyawa, kuma an dakatar da farantin karfe, ta yadda zaren da ke yawo a tsakanin saman allura guda biyu ya samu barbashi ta hanyar shafa da birgima. A lokaci guda, an kara girman silinda da farantin murfin, don ƙara darajar shafan fiber ɗin da ke shawagi tsakanin saman allura biyu. Cire wukar cire ƙura, tsawaita ƙananan ɗigon ƙasa, ƙara saurin juzu'in juzu'i daidai, ta yadda za a taka rawar farko combing. Ƙara girman silinda da rabuwar doffer, don haka da cewa fiber a cikin Silinda da doffer allura surface sau da yawa baya flower, sau da yawa a cikin wurin aiki, sanya barbashi kusa.




A cikin tsari mai ƙarfi, za a iya ciyar da ɓangarorin ɓangarorin da na al'ada a cikin injin zane na farko bisa ga tsarin tsari. Bayan an haɗa tsiri biyu, za a rarraba barbashi daidai gwargwado a cikin tube. A cikin wadannan matakai guda biyu, saboda yawan barbashi da ke cikin whisker, yana da sauƙi don iska da abin nadi a cikin tsarin tsarawa, kuma ana iya rage saurin abin nadi yadda ya kamata. Ya kamata lokutan zane su zama ƙanana, roving ya zama karami, kuma ya kamata a ƙara yawan juzu'in jujjuyawar don ƙara ƙarfin ɗaure tsakanin barbashi da whisker. Ƙwaƙwalwar murɗawa gabaɗaya 15% ~ 20% sama da na talakawa yarn.
A kadi tsari, saboda rashin kyawun katin fiber na barbashi na barbashi, barbashi na zaren spinnability da ƙarfin yarn ya ragu, yana da sauƙin karya, don haka a fadada daftarin yanki yadda ya kamata (1.7 sau), kuma abin da ya dace yana kara girman nisa na tsakiya, spindle gudun game da 20% ƙasa da yarn na al'ada, yarn juya factor 5% ~ 10% fiye da yarn na al'ada, An zaɓi babban zoben waya mai madauwari na ƙarfe don sanya barbashi su wuce cikin sumul. Matakan da ke sama na iya rage raguwar yarn kuma inganta ingantaccen samarwa.

(Source: Jagoran Yadi)