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Aikace-aikacen nanomaterials a cikin kammala aikin yadi

Lokaci:2020-05-11 Hits:

Nanomaterials kayan ne waɗanda girmansu ya kai nanoscale kuma kadarorin su sun canza. Girman canjin nanomaterials yana sa su sami tasirin ƙasa, ƙananan sakamako mai girma da tasirin ƙididdiga. Ƙarshen aikin yadi hanya ce da za ta iya gamsar da aiki na musamman na yadi a cikin samarwa da rayuwa da kuma ƙara ƙimarsa. Ya zama ɗaya daga cikin ci gaban masana'antar masana'anta don shirya kayan masarufi masu aiki tare da kaddarorin guda ɗaya ko da yawa kamar su antibacterial, anti-ultraviolet, anti-static, tsaftace kai, conductive da anti-alama, da dai sauransu.



Ƙarshen juriya na ultraviolet


Kammala Anti-ultraviolet shine don bi da kayan nano zuwa saman fiber kuma sanya shi ƙara gyarawa akan yadi.. Lokacin da haske ya haskaka kayan yadi, Tasirin girman adadi da tasirin saman nanoparticles yana sa mafi yawan hasken ultraviolet su kasance cikin shakku ko nunawa., don haka rage adadin ultraviolet radiation zuwa masana'anta. A halin yanzu, TiO2, ZnO, Farashin 2O3, SiO2 da sauran nanoparticles ana amfani da su musamman a cikin yadi anti-uv karewa.



gama tsaftace kai


Akwai manyan ka'idoji guda biyu na tsabtace kai da kuma gamawa: superhydrophobic da photocatalytic. Ka'idar superhydrophobic tsarkakewa za a iya bayyana ta fuskar lamba Angle, mafi girman kusurwar lamba, mafi kyawun hana ruwa, kuma mabuɗin don ƙara kusurwar lamba shine don inganta ƙananan ƙarancin masana'anta ko rage ƙarfin samansa.


Photocatalytic tsabtace kai ya dogara ne akan halayen photocatalytic na nano TiO2.. Ƙarƙashin yanayin haske, TiO2 na iya yin tasiri mai ƙarfi na REDOX kuma ya haifar da radicals kyauta na hydroxyl, wanda zai iya lalata kwayoyin halitta. Idan aka kwatanta da superhydrophobic karewa, Ƙarshen photocatalytic na iya haifar da iskar shaka na gurɓataccen abu kawai a ƙarƙashin hasken rana., kuma samfuran da ke ruɓe ba su da alaƙa da muhalli kuma ba su da gurɓatawa. Babu asarar makamashi a cikin tsarin catalytic, don haka fasaha ce mai dacewa da muhalli tare da ƙarin fa'ida.




Kammala Antibacterial


Sakamakon girman adadin nanometer kayan kashe kwayoyin cuta na iya sa su sha photon ko samar da nasu canjin lantarki, yana haifar da canjin matakan makamashi, inganta ragewa da oxidation, da kuma samar da adadi mai yawa na radicals hydroxyl da oxygen radicals wanda zai iya kashe kwayoyin cuta a cikin gajeren lokaci.. A halin yanzu, TiO2, ZnO, An yi amfani da Ag da sauran nanomaterials a cikin ƙarewar ƙwayoyin cuta.





Ƙarshen Antistatic


Ƙarshen nanometer abu na antistatic na masana'anta yana sa cajin yayi aiki da cinyewa da sauri ta hanyar sarrafa kayan., don haka masana'anta na iya cimma tasirin antistatic. A halin yanzu, Nano kayan a cikin yadi antistatic gamawa yafi sun hada da TiO2, ZnO, Ag, graphene, da dai sauransu.


Nanomaterials na yau da kullun suna da matsaloli da yawa lokacin amfani da su kaɗai: m karafa da kyau conductive sakamako amma high price; Kayayyakin carbon suna da sauƙin ajiya, ƙarfi dauri mai rauni tare da yadudduka kuma suna da launuka masu duhu. Saboda haka, Ana haɗa nau'ikan nanomaterials iri-iri galibi ana haɗa su don gyara lahani daban-daban ta hanyar tasirin haɗin gwiwa na kayan don cimma sakamako mafi kyau..



Gudanarwa don warwarewa


A karkashin yanayi na al'ada, an rufe masana'anta saboda rashin electrons masu motsi kyauta, ba da masana'anta wutar lantarki zai iya sa ya dace da buƙatun rayuwa na zamani. Graphene da carbon nanotubes ana amfani da ko'ina a cikin conductive karewa na yadudduka saboda da kyau kwarai lantarki watsin da inji Properties..





Sauran gamawa


Hakanan ana iya amfani da nanomaterials don hana wuta, garkuwar lantarki, sha infrared da sauran ayyuka. Babban nauyin ZnO auduga masana'anta an shirya shi ta wurin ammonia fumigation bayan raunin iskar oxygen ta hanyar ling chao.


Tare da rikitaccen yanayin rayuwar mutane, Textiles masu aiki guda ɗaya ba za su iya biyan bukatun mutane ba, don haka shine yanayin gaba ɗaya don haɓaka manyan ayyuka da samfuran ayyuka da yawa. Kayan aikin nano-kayan aiki muhimmin bangare ne na kammala aikin yadi. Tare da saurin ci gaban nanotechnology, Nano-kammala yadudduka tare da ayyuka da yawa za su zama ɗaya daga cikin abubuwan da ke faruwa a gaba.

 

Don ƙarin abun ciki na fasaha, don Allah koma ga labarin "ci gaban bincike na nanomaterials a cikin kammala aikin yadi" a cikin fitowa ta 4 na kayan sakawa a kullum in 2020.