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Do you know the difference between artificial cotton and pure cotton?

August 01,2023

What is artificial cotton

The characteristics of artificial cotton are good dyeability, high brightness and fastness, comfortable wearing, dilute alkali resistance, moisture absorption and cotton close. The disadvantages are no acid resistance, poor resilience and fatigue resistance, and low wet mechanical strength. It can be spun pure or blended with chemical fibers such as polyester.

Rayon cotton is the common name of viscose fiber. Viscose fiber refers to the alpha-cellulose extracted from cellulose raw materials such as wood and plant ligusticum, or cotton short wool as raw material, processed into spinning stock solution, and then made of artificial fiber by wet spinning.
It is characterized by good dyeability, high brightness and fastness, comfortable wearing, dilute alkali resistance, moisture absorption and cotton close. The disadvantages are no acid resistance, poor resilience and fatigue resistance, and low wet mechanical strength. It can be spun pure or blended with chemical fibers such as polyester.

Cotton and artificial cotton are cellulose, and the composition of starch is the same, but the molecular weight is larger. Rayon is made by dissolving cellulose in a solvent and spraying it out of a very thin nozzle to form a thin silk, similar to spider silk. So the burn is indistinguishable, mainly by the feel. Rayon should be smoother.

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What is pure cotton

Pure cotton fabric is a textile made of cotton, which is interwoven by the warp and weft yarn through the loom. At present, according to the actual processed cotton sources, it is divided into native cotton fabrics and recycled cotton fabrics.

It has the characteristics of moisture absorption, warmth, heat resistance, alkali resistance, health and so on. In general, cotton fabrics have better moisture absorption and heat resistance and are comfortable to wear.

Some of the clothing industry with high moisture absorption requirements can choose pure cotton fabrics for processing. For example, school uniforms in summer.

Artificial cotton looks very much like cotton.

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The difference between artificial cotton and pure cotton

1. Finish

Artificial cotton cloth, flat cloth, few yarn defects, no impurities, fine clean and smooth; The surface of cotton can be seen cotton shell, impurities, etc., the finish is not as good as artificial cotton.

2. yarn evenness

Rayon cotton yarn strips dry evenly, yarn defects are few; The pure cotton yarn is not as uniform as the rayon cotton, especially the coarse cloth is more obvious.

3. Feel

Artificial cotton regardless of the thickness of the fabric, feel mostly soft, and cotton slightly rough feeling.

4. Color

The luster and color of artificial cotton are good, compared with cotton, artificial cotton is more bright and beautiful.

5. Crease

Artificial cotton is easy to wrinkle, when the hand holds a handful of cloth, spread, there are a lot of wrinkles, it is not easy to recover in time, although the cotton has wrinkles, but slightly than artificial cotton.

6. Drape

Artificial cotton drape better, cotton drape is not as good as artificial cotton.

7. Strength

The strength of artificial cotton is lower than that of cotton, especially in a humid environment, the fastness of artificial cotton is poor, when compared from the edge of the cloth, stretching, artificial cotton is easier to break than cotton silk, therefore, the texture of artificial cotton is mostly thicker, not as light as pure cotton hemp.

8. Burning

Artificial cotton is close to the flame, burning quickly, just like we burn plastic, black smoke and curling melt, the lower the cotton content, the stronger the gelatine. Cotton is close to the flame and does not shrink or melt. Contact flame, burning quickly, flame orange, blue smoke. Leave the flame, continue to burn, burning paper smell less ash, linear. The dust is fine and soft, light gray, easy to turn into powder by hand.

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