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Application status of textile materials for automobiles (I) : safety belt

Time : 2021-09-27 Hits : 23

The importance of seat belt for car safety is self-evident. The correct use of seat belt can reduce the injury caused by car collision by 60% ~ 70%, and the death rate by about 75%. In order to reduce the displacement of drivers and passengers during vehicle collision and emergency braking, the ribbon needs to have high strength, good elongation, wear resistance, weather resistance and flame retardant, etc., in the whole life cycle of the car to continue to use without significant deterioration. Depending on the front or back position, the requirements for the extensibility of the ribbon are also different. Low elongation fiber is suitable for the front driver and the co-pilot used by the ribbon, strong constraint ability; High elongation fibers are suitable for rear seat occupant webbing, providing cushioning and proper absorption of energy. In addition, the ribbon should also have smooth surface, antibacterial, color and carriage matching, while the color fastness to light, wet friction and sweat resistance are also required.


The influence of fiber material on ribbon

The performance index and stability of fiber material seriously affect the safety and quality of ribbon. Generally choose high tensile strength, moderate elongation, not easy to deformation of fiber raw materials, such as high strength polyester filament and high strength polyamide filament. Nylon light resistance is poor, early use is more, now accounts for a small proportion. At present, polyester industrial filament is mainly used as raw material for ribbon, which has the characteristics of high modulus, low elongation, good thermal performance, good dimensional stability and suitable cost



Performance Fibers developed the seatbelt special fiber Securus, a new type of polyester copolymer fiber, which combines the mechanical restraint properties of polyester with the flexibility and cushioning properties of polycaprolactone (PCL). Compared with polyester, the energy absorption of the Securus fabric is 30 percent higher and the impact force of the occupant is 30 percent lower.

The influence of yarn parameters on ribbon

The belt is about 2.6-3.6m in length, 46mm in width and 1.1-1.2mm in thickness. It is estimated that each car has a total length of 14 meters, weighing about 0.8kg. In general, the ribbon has a warp length of 320 1100dtex yarns or 260 1670dtex yarns, with a twill or satin weave structure. The warp yarn is parallel to the plane of the ribbon to improve the strength of the ribbon and make the surface of the ribbon smooth and soft. After finishing the ribbon, the fabric shrinks and the weight increases, which can improve its energy absorption performance


The ribbon should be soft and flexible in the length direction to bring comfort to the human body; In the width direction to stiffen, so that the ribbon can easily slide between the buckle and smoothly retracted. In addition, the ribbon also requires the edge of wear-resisting but not too hard, otherwise it will affect the comfort of wearing. Allied Signal, a US seatbelt manufacturer, has developed CARESS, a specially designed ribbon that uses a softer 500D yarn at the hem. At the same time, it has been pointed out that compared with twisted silk, due to the high density of untwisted silk woven ribbon, the tensile strength and tear strength of the ribbon are improved, and the ribbon is more soft, smooth and flexible. The United States and Japan mostly use untwisted silk to weave ribbon, and Europe mostly use twisted silk weaving.

New RESEARCH and development ideas and trends

In recent years, research and development ideas such as seat belt system based on pressure sensor principle, airbag seat belt and negative Poisson's ratio effect ribbon have also appeared on the market. Sweden's AUTOLIV (AUTOLIV), the world's largest automotive safety supplier, has developed a seat belt equipped with an airbag, which combines the functions of a seat belt and an airbag, and has been assembled in the MERCEDES-BENZ S-Class sedan. Nissan has developed a smart seat belt that adjusts its binding on the occupant based on the severity of the crash. Seatbelts are becoming increasingly "smart" using sensors and active safety features.

For more information, please pay attention to the application and Development of Textile Materials for Automobile, No. 8, 2021, Textile Herald.

Our products:FDY(recycled FDY)、DTY(Nylon texturing yarn Draw)、hot melt silk(1000 denier polyester yarn)、spandex covered yarn(ACY polyester yarn and SCY)、high elastic yarn(low melting polyester yarn).

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